In the recent decades, Law has become one of the most desired professional areas in India due to a variety of reasons. Firstly people are bored with traditional professions like Engineer, Doctor and Commerce. Secondly, Law profession has opened a plethora of options for LLB graduates. For example, a lot of companies have cropped up and there are many ways by which they need help of Law graduates, resulting in demand for such persons. Let us see all such options in this article.
1. Litigation Lawyer:
The age old traditional perception of a Lawyer is that of a person who goes to the Court, represents clients, and argues against other Advocates. This type of work is undoubtedly the original occupation of Law graduates, and still retains the charm for its Advocacy element. This type of practice requires a fresh graduate to join a senior’s chamber or office and learn atleast 5 years before branching out. It is very difficult to grab work and also to successfully deliver results without the guidance of seniors in the profession. Unfortunately the salaries which are given by seniors to juniors are not increasing from a long period of time. Initial monthly salaries for newly enrolled Advocates in cities can generally be from Rs 10,000 to Rs 30,000 where the top salaries are given to highly talented candidates mostly coming from National Law Schools. This field is better suited for candidates having some financial support from their family for initial years of their career. Many persons report that they get the highest satisfaction in this field by getting reliefs for their client through Courts. An Advocate can even start his independent practice on Day 1 of taking the license but the guidance of a senior is indispensible for progress.
Read More – How to become an Advocate in India?
Judges are the most important agents of Justice Administration in any country, along with the Lawyers. Judges are appointed at the lower courts level through a Judicial Service Exam which is conducted State wise, either by the High Courts or the Public Service Commission. Notifications are given to invite applications. Usually some dozens of openings are found each year and the number depends on the size of the State. In the recent years the 3- year Advocacy experience rule has been relaxed, so fresh Law graduates can also appear in this exam. The work mainly involves sitting on the bench generally between 10am and 5pm and adjudicating legal disputes. This type of work requires a lot of homework reading to prepare for next day’s cases. The benefits of this job are monthly fixed salary, housing allowance, travelling allowance and a lot of respect in the society. Salaries start from Rs 30,000 to Rs 40,000 per month.
Read More – How to become a Judge in India?
3. Public Prosecutor:
Crimes are considered as wrongs done against the State, so State prosecutes the accused. The job of a Public Prosecutor is to act on behalf of the State i.e the Government before the Criminal Courts of Law and present the case that the accused has done the alleged offence or crime. Public Prosecutors or PP’s in short, are working with the Police Department and they are mainly employees of the Government. There are job openings every year in most of the States in India for PP’s. 7 years practice requirement has to be fulfilled before applying, age must be between 35 years and 45 years, and relaxations are given to candidates belonging to reservation. In some states Advocacy experience can also be lesser i.e 5 years, example is Delhi State. After writing the exams there is an Interview stage to be cleared after which job is given. Selection is done through two ways, first is Direct Recruitment which is for Advocates, and other is by Transfer from another Government department work.
4. Corporate Lawyer:
With opening up of the Corporate market and investments coming from foreign investors, which is requiring talented labour to process transactions, there are huge number of vacancies in companies for LLB graduates. Desired knowledge for such occupation is mainly from Companies Act, Contracts, Intellectual Property, etc. Most of the work is to be done in the office, and work hours usually can be 9am to 7pm. Monthly salaries usually start from Rs 20,000 and can go upto some lakhs of rupees, where the top paying jobs are grabbed by the most meritorious and brilliant candidates usually from National Law Schools, one main reason for this would be that companies mainly go to these universities for campus selection.
5. Law Lecturer:
Loving academics and wanting to teach others will be a good combination to become a Law Lecturer. This job requires an LLM degree to become eligible. Work is usually at college campus, where two to five classes each day must be taken up. Work hours can generally be 9am to 4pm. Initial salaries can range from Rs 10,000 to Rs 50,000 depending upon your scores in Law studies, the place where you studied LLM, UGC NET qualification and finally the college where you would like to teach. There are good number of promotions in this career and unique sense of satisfaction.
Read More – How to become a Law Lecturer in India?
6. Legal Officer:
Many Government and private companies need law knowing graduates to perform a variety of tasks. There is mainly transactional work where documents have to prepared, read, verified etc. This work is to be done sitting at offices. Jobs advertisements clearly demand that applicants have an LLB degree usually with first class marks. Interviews are conducted in some stages and the top candidates are selected. Some Government companies are ONGC, NTPC, NMDC etc.
7. Legal Journalism:
Society keeps evolving and hence Law also evolves continuously. People from various fields are interested to know the changes and updates in Law, which has created a specialized field of journalism called as Legal Journalism. There are many ways by which this work is performed. One way is to sit in Courts and observe important cases and report it to the public at large through newspapers or websites. Another ways are to write analysis of Court Judgments and their implication on various fields of the society. This work requires constant travel and highly articulate expression skills. Salaries per month can start from Rs 10,000 to 20,000 depending on the hiring company.
8. Law Researcher:
Law is the most important aspect of society. Every industry wants progress and wants to have compliance with the law and sometimes wants making of new laws for business growth. Social research institutions also require a lot of information from the legal field. Because of such needs LLB graduates are highly sought by such organizations where a researcher provides necessary data & information which aids in the goals of that organization. Employers in this field can be Government or privately owned entities and even NGO’s. Work usually is to be done sitting at the office.
9. Legal Process Outsourcing (LPO):
Many Law offices in foreign countries do not want to hire Lawyers and pay them when the same kind of work can be done by outsourcing it to other countries and they could save 60-70% of their money. Just like we had a boom of Software companies in India since the last two decades, Law offices of US, UK and other countries are sending legal work to India. This type of work is similar to corporate law practice where knowledge of Contracts, Company Law, Compliances, etc is needed. Country specific legal knowledge is imparted during training. Work is to be mainly done at office, timings can generally be 9am to 7pm. Initial monthly salaries in this field start from Rs 15,000 and go up to Rs 40,000 depending the employer and the job applicant’s profile.
There are plenty of opportunities for LLB graduates, but they have to do good research and take proper advice from their teachers and also seniors in various professions. Doing internships from a variety of fields in law during LLB studies can open their minds regarding their interest and compatibility of each field of law.
The author is the founder of VakeelSahab.com and an Advocate practicing in Hyderabad, Telangana. This article was first published on 05 July 2020.