CITIZENSHIP UNDER THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA     Citizenship can be defined as the relationship between an individual and a State to which the individual owes allegiance. The purpose of citizenship is to confer upon the individuals certain rights and duties within the state, and an international protection abroad. The […]

PREAMBLE TO THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA   Preamble is termed as introduction to the constitution, however, it would be precise to call it an abstract of that detailed document which is considered amongst world’s lengthiest Constitutions. The constitution of India has a Preamble that is elaborate enough to make anyone […]

  Introduction: From the time trade and commerce were discovered by the mankind, there have been laws to protect the interest of consumers as well as laws to punish the offenders. Examples can be cited from the ancient texts like Smritis, Kautilya’s Arthashastra etc and these laws have kept on […]

THE INDIAN EVIDENCE ACT, 1872 _________ ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS __________ Preamble. PART I RELEVANCY OF FACTS CHAPTER I. –– PRELIMINARY SECTIONS 1. Short title. Extent. Commencement of Act. 2. [Repealed.] 3. Interpretation-clause. “Court”. “Fact”. “ Relevant”. “Facts in issue”. “Document”. “Evidence”. “Proved”. “Disproved”. “Not proved”. “India”. 4. “ May Presume”. […]

THE CODE OF CRIMINAL PROCEDURE, 1973 ________ ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS ________ CHAPTER I PRELIMINARY SECTIONS 1. Short title, extent and commencement. 2. Definitions. 3. Construction of references. 4. Trial of offences under the Indian Penal Code and other laws. 5. Saving. CHAPTER II CONSTITUTION OF CRIMINAL COURTS AND OFFICES 6. Classes of Criminal Courts. 7. Territorial […]

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